Person weighing out cannabis

Indica Vs Sativa – The Difference Between Indica and Sativa

As marijuana becomes more mainstream, you’ve probably come across names of the two strains of cannabis – indica and sativa. In recent years, marijuana has been used as complementary treatment for a wide array of medical conditions such as cancer, arthritis, loss of appetite, seizures, and anxiety both in humans and animals.

Whether it is for medicinal or recreational use, you need to be familiar with the strains so you won’t have trouble differentiating them. In reality, there are three main strains of cannabis – sativa, indica and hybrid. Studies show that sativas usually provide uplifting and energizing effects (causes a ‘high’) and is great for physically exerting activities or those requiring creativity.

One the other hand, indicas are associated with full-body effects, for instance when ingested in the evening it helps one sleep better. Hybrid cannabis is a mix of the two and has effects of both strains.

Usually, scientists classify the two strains on the basis of their physical appearance. The Cannabis indica plant is typically short and bushy with wide leaves. It grows faster and has more buds than sativa. Sativa is tall and thin with narrow leaves. It can grow up to 12 feet and generally takes longer to reach maturity.

However, the effects produced by these two strains aren’t always black and white. Factors that determine how your body will react to cannabis products are: the amount taken, your tolerance and how it is ingested (inhaling, eating or taking it in liquid form).

It’s the chemicals in cannabis that bring out either the energizing or therapeutic effects. The first are active compounds known as cannabinoids. The two most studied are: THC which is believed to cause intoxication, and CBD which has medicinal properties.

Recent studies show that terpenes in cannabis also play an important role. They are responsible for giving plants and fruits their aroma. Terpenes occur naturally in different strains of weed and have been found to provide many health benefits effects such as pain reduction. Click here to read more on terpenes.

Sativa vs. Indica

STRAIN

SATIVA

INDICA

STRAIN

Cannabinoids

SATIVA

Has high amounts of THC and low amounts of CBD

INDICA

High amounts of CBD and low amounts of THC

STRAIN

Effects

SATIVA

Causes a ‘head high’, an energizing effect which might be useful when engaging in creative activities

INDICA

Relaxes the body physically and mentally. Good for anxiety and pain relieving

STRAIN

Appearance

SATIVA

Sativa is tall and thin with narrow leaves. Grows up to 12 feet and generally takes longer to mature

INDICA

Short and bushy with wide leaves. Grows faster and has more buds

STRAIN

Time of use

SATIVA

Great for ingestion during daytime as it stimulates

INDICA

To be used at night as it has a relaxing effect which leads to better sleep

STRAIN

Origin

SATIVA

Hot and dry climates such as Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia

INDICA

Afghanistan, India, Turkey and Pakistan. Does well in the harsh central Asia and Indian subcontinent climate.

Sativa Vs Indica High Effects

Sativa can lead to the the following high effects:

  • Stimulates creativity and focus
  • Relieves chronic pain. Patients suffering from chronic conditions such as cancer and arthritis stand to benefit
  • Acts as an antidepressant
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Reduces anxiety
  • Increases serotonin, a neurotransmitter which is responsible for bringing out feelings of happiness and well-being

Indica can lead to the the following high effects:

  • It increases dopamine, the neurotransmitter which regulates the reward and pleasure centres of the brain
  • Reduces of nausea
  • Relaxes the muscles
  • Relaxes users mentally
  • Vital in relieving pain
  • Increases appetite thus encouraging good eating habits

Here’s an experts view to help you gain perspective on the two strains.

Indica Vs Sativa vs. Hybrid

We have already talked about the main differences between sativa and indica. You must now be wondering what a hybrid is like. Well, as the name suggests, it’s a hybrid of different strains.

There are various hybrids strains as growers have been able to mix hundreds of strains over the years. Hybrids are normally divided into three categories.

The first is those with more Indica. They have full body effects and users feel relaxed after using it. In addition to that, it is recommended to patients with autoimmune disorders like arthritis. Those with a high sativa percentage produce an uplifting effect.

Lastly, hybrids with a little bit of both indica and sativa cause effects from the two main strains. In fact some people seem to prefer hybrids instead of either pure indica or sativa. This study reveals more.

By now, you understand the difference between indica, sativa, and hybrid strains. With the effects of various strains clearly outlined, you won’t have a hard time making the right choice at the cannabis shop.

Post a Comment